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ITS Standards Advisory

Traffic Management Data Dictionary Standard for Traffic Management Center-to-Center Communications

2013

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Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) Standards Advisories provide the ITS transportation community with information and guidance on the consideration and use of ITS standards.

Traffic Management Data Dictionary (TMDD) Background

Center-to-center (C2C) communications spans the entire ITS domain, covering the exchange of data between computers physically located in different transportation management center facilities. Such facilities include: traffic management centers, transit management centers, public safety, incident management centers, parking management centers, and so forth.  C2C standards enable this data exchange, specifying what information is exchanged, how and when it is exchanged, and the underlying transport mechanisms. C2C standards can be divided into two categories: (1) the message and data content, and (2) the rules for exchanging the messages and data. The two categories of standards work together to successfully exchange meaningful ITS-related information.

Consensus-based working groups from American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO), Institute of Transportation Engineers, (ITE) and National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) have been chartered with developing a set of underlying Center-to-Center (C2C) communications standards for the transportation community.  The two categories for C2C communications standards are generally referenced as informational and protocol standards. The Traffic Management Data Dictionary (TMDD) is an information standard, while National Transportation Communications for ITS Protocol (NTCIP) standards address protocol standards.  In general, NTCIP organizes its standards using a layered approach (as shown in Figure 1), similar to the ISO Open System Interconnection (OSI) framework model. While message/data standards address the Information Level, protocol standards primarily address the Applications, Transport, and Subnetwork Levels.

The TMDD for Traffic Management Center-to-Center Communication standards were developed by a joint ITE and AASHTO working group, which resulted in two types of Information Level encodings (XML and ASN.1). The type of encoding used affects the selection of possible protocol level standards. TMDD v3.03b is the latest version of the standard and it defines both types of encodings. The TMDD standard defines the information (messages) and sequence of messages (Dialogs) that are shared between centers, while using the NTCIP Application, Transport, and Subnetwork Levels to define how the information is to be carried.

The TMDD v3.03b Standard supports the exchange of messages and data meeting the rules found in NTCIP 2304 for DATEX/ASN formats and NTCIP 2306 for WSDL/XML formats.

Center-to-Field Diagram, Figure 1: Description of diagram is in paragraph immediately preceding graphic.

Figure 1: NTCIP Organization

History

The first version of the TMDD Standard (v1.0) focused on the development of a data dictionary for traffic management systems. It further used those data elements in the construction of message sets, called Message Set for External Traffic Management Center Communications (MS/ETMCC) to exchange information regarding traffic conditions, devices, and incidents, as well as support for shared control of ITS devices between systems. Consequently, version 1 contained 2 parts: (1) the TMDD and (2) the MS/ETMCC.  Version 2.1 corrected deficiencies in the Standard and applied the Systems Engineering process1 by identifying user operational needs and developing requirements and dialogs. Version 2.1 also combined the TMDD and MS/ETMCC standards into one standard.

This new TMDD v3.03b reflects the Systems Engineering process approach, restructures the design for the standard, and has added new features. In addition, the TMDD V3.03b has been used as the basis for the development of a reference implementation that can be used by agencies and developers to verify conformance to the TMDD standard.  During that development, the TMDD standard was adjusted to correct ambiguities, missing entries in the various tables for consistency, and clarification of the conformance statements.   

Changes Since Last TMDD Standard Advisory

The v3.03b Standard includes the following changes from v2.1:

  1. Corrects the deficiencies from v2.1 as identified in a systematic review, including a verification and validation effort on all needs, requirements and design concepts (dialogs, messages, data frames, and data elements) in the document.
  2. Adds user needs, requirements and design concepts in a manner consistent with the Systems Engineering process as requested by:
    • The Clarus Initiative (Weather related data),
    • The Condition Acquisition and Reporting System (CARS) states, and
    • Archive Data User Services (ADUS).
  3. Assesses issues and integrates lessons learned from actual deployments, specifically CARS, United States Transportation Command (TRANSCOM), FDOT and TXDOT into the Standard Concept of Operations (ConOps), requirements and design.
  4. Links the Standard to a Systems Engineering Process to ensure traceability and logical consistency of the Standard, and enhance its usability.
  5. Ensures the Standard conforms to ISO 14817, the international standard for Transport Information and Control Systems (TICS) - Requirements for an ITS/TICS Central Data Registry and ITS/TICS Data Dictionaries. ISO 14817 provides a common way to define the information data concepts used in TMDD so all users will know how to interpret the data concepts.
  6. Develops a TMDD V3.03b Web Service Description Language (WSDL) and Single Object Access Protocol (SOAP) specific model in addition to the DATEX ASN.1 model. This allows developers to use tools now available to develop WSDL and SOAP interfaces and reduces the cost of a development.
  7. Develops a detailed conformance statement that addresses backwards compatibility and provides clear and unambiguous instruction on how to extend the standard.

Needs to Requirements Traceability Matrix (NRTM)

TMDD v3.03b ascribes a Systems Engineering Process to the Standard.  A linkage is created between user-identified operational needs and the system requirements to support those needs.  This Systems Engineering Process enhances the usability of the Standard to create comprehensive specifications for procurements.

The key to this activity is the NRTM; a sample is shown in Figure 2.  The matrix steps the user through identification of operational needs, indicates whether those needs are mandatory or optional, and shows the various requirements to support the selected need(s).
The NRTM makes it easier for implementers to procure systems using TMDD v3.03b. The process to use the NRTM for TMDD procurement is described in online modules provided as part of the United States Department of Transportation’s (USDOT) Professional Capacity Building program (PCB). See the Training section.

UN ID User Need UN Selected Requirement ID Requirement Conformance Support Other Requirements

2.3.1.1

Verify Connection Active

Mandatory

3.3.1.1.1

Send Center Active Upon Verification Request

M

Yes

 

3.3.1.1.2

Publish Center Active Verification Information

Subscription: O

Yes/No/NA

The owner center shall begin sending the updated response message within ____ ms (millisecond) after the information is updated in the owner center

3.3.1.1.3

Subscribe to Center Active Verification Information

Subscription: O

Yes/No/NA

 

3.3.1.1.4

Contents of the Center Active Verification Request

M

Yes

 

3.3.1.1.4.1

Required Center Active Verification Request Content

M

Yes

 

3.3.1.1.4.2.1

External Center Organization

O

Yes/No

 

3.3.1.1.5

Contents of the Center Active Information

M

Yes

 

3.3.1.1.5.1

Required Center Active Information

M

Yes

 

3.3.1.1.5.2.1

Owner Organization

O

Yes/No

 

2.3.1.2

Need to Support Request

Mandatory

3.3.1.2

Support Request-Response

M

Yes

 

2.3.1.3

Need to Support Subscriptions

Yes/No

3.3.1.3.1

Support Periodic Updates

O.1 (1..*)

Yes/No

 

3.3.1.3.2

Support Event-Driven Updates

O.1 (1..*)

Yes/No

 

Figure 2: Needs to Requirements Traceability Matrix


USDOT Guidance on TMDD Standards

The USDOT offers the following guidance regarding NTCIP TMDD Standards:

USDOT strongly encourages State and local agencies to use the TMDD v3.03b Standard. The Standard is mature and offers immediate benefits for agencies by enabling interoperability between centers. Additionally, TMDD v3.03b supports both the NTCIP 2304 Standard covering DATEX/ASN implementations and the NTCIP 2306 Standard covering WSDL/XML implementations. Check the resources in the "Standards Resources" section below for help with systems assessment, migration, integration, and procurement. In particular, assistance is available to help implement standards-based TMDD v3.03b.

A web-based reference implementation called the Center-to-Center Reference Implementation (RI) is being developed to assist users in use of the Standard in implementations.  This tool can be used to verify system conformance to the Standard.  It is anticipated to be available in early 2014.

Training

Professional Capacity Building (PCB) training for ITS Standards specific for TMDD v3.0 procurements and testing is being developed. This training will be modular and is available on the PCB/Standards and ITE sites.  Specific modules and anticipated availability are as follows:

Module

Scheduled Completion

A321a: Understanding User needs for ITE Traffic Management Data Dictionary (TMDD) v3 Standard (M) Available now
A321b: Specifying Requirements for TMDD v3 Standard (M) Available now
T321: Applying Your Test Plan to the TMDD Standard December 2013

Currently available modules can be found at http://www.pcb.its.dot.gov/stds_training.aspx.

TMDD Standards in Use

Region-wide distribution of transportation management information is a key function at the core of a transportation agency's ability to generate benefits from ITS. Agencies are executing C2C projects across the country primarily using the WSDL/XML. Therefore, TMDD v3.03b is extremely beneficial to users.  It will also support DATEX/ASN as the underlying communication protocols, however; most systems today are using the web services approach identified in NTCIP 2306.

TMDD v3.0 is currently being implemented in San Diego, CA as the basis for the C2C system implementation as part of the Integrated Corridor Management (ICM) project. For more information about this implementation on the web see: http://www.its.dot.gov/icms/pioneer_sdiego.htm.

Relevance to USDOT Research Initiatives, the National ITS Architecture

USDOT Research Initiatives

C2C communications support the following USDOT Research Initiatives:

  • Emergency Transportation Operations
  • Integrated Corridor Management Systems
  • Clarus
  • Mobility Services for All Americans
  • Real-Time System Management Information Program (RTSMIP).  In response to Section 1201 of the Safe Accountable Flexible Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU), U.S. Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 23 Part 511 was developed, and requires each state to establish and operate a RTSMIP for the sharing of basic traffic information by all centers.

Relevance to the National ITS Architecture

The TMDD v3.03b standards are common across many C2C interfaces in the National ITS Architecture.

Standards Resources

The following C2C Standards resources are recommended for learning more about ITS C2C communications standards:

  • The ITS Joint Program Office (JPO) Standards Program Website is the first stop for information on the TMDD standard. The site contains a wealth of information on ITS standards, including the current status of the TMDD standard. Visit http://www.standards.its.dot.gov.
  • ITS Standards Fact Sheets are concise, "Plain Language" descriptions of ITS standards. They are available at http://www.standards.its.dot.gov/Factsheets/All.
  • An ITS Specialist is available at each of the four Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) Resource Centers to provide guidance on issues related to ITS standards. Visit http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/field.html for contact information.
  • The ITS Field Support Team is a major new technical assistance program sponsored by the Standards Program. The ITS Field Support Team offers intensive consultation and support on a broad range of standards-related issues, including:
    • Assessment of current system
    • Development of project specifications
    • Review of existing contracts and specifications
    • Identification of appropriate contracting and procurement mechanisms
    • Development of test plans
    • Evaluation of systems for contract compliance and conformance to specifications

Visit http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/int_its_deployment/standards_imp/stdsteam.htm for more details.

  • ITS Peer-to-Peer is a FHWA, Federal Transit Administration (FTA), and Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) Technical Assistance program that provides public sector transportation stakeholders with a convenient method to tap into the growing knowledge base of ITS experience and receive short-term assistance. To learn more visit http://www.pcb.its.dot.gov/p2p.aspx.
  • Standards Development Organization Websites are a source of not only the TMDD standard, but also other ITS and transportation standards. 
  • The Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE) website is http://www.ite.org/.  The Standard is located under the heading "TECHNICAL INFORMATION", under the link for "Standards" and then the link for "TMDD."
  • The American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) website is http://www.transportation.org.
  • ITS Help Line (866-367-7487) to reach trained staff who will assist with locating resources, websites, and documents that relate to Operations and ITS.

Training

The ITS Professional Capacity Building (PCB) Program is administered by the Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA) and provides comprehensive, accessible, and flexible ITS learning for the transportation industry. By using the program, public agencies can build and sustain a capable and technically proficient ITS workforce, and transportation professionals can develop their knowledge, skills, and abilities while furthering their career paths.

Free Training

The ITS PCB Program offers 35 online modules that cover a broad range of issues related to ITS standards, including introductory concepts related to ITS standards, and in-depth content on needs assessment, design specifications, requirements, and testing.  Module 18 (T313) Applying Your Test Plan to the NTCIP 1204 V03 ESS Standard focuses specifically on the ESS standard.  All modules are FREE of charge.

Members of ITE are encouraged to access these same modules from the ITE website in order to obtain information about professional development hours and continuing education units.

Available Documents/Guides

The TMDD Guide is located at:  https://www.ite.org/technical-resources/standards/tmdd/. Chapter 16, "Regional Integration," of the FHWA's Freeway Management and Operations Handbook (September 2003) contains basic information on the application of C2C technology to freeway operations. It is available at:
http://ops.fhwa.dot.gov/freewaymgmt/publications/frwy_mgmt_handbook/.

Getting Involved

The ITE TMDD Steering Committee brings together transportation professionals regarding the TMDD Standard.  Information on the activities of this committee can be found at http://www.ite.org/.  Point of contact is Siva Narla at ITE at snarla@ite.org.

The NTCIP C2C Working Group brings together transportation professions regarding C2C communication standards development.  Please consult the NTCIP Library website, http://ntcip.org/ to learn more about the status of these documents.

Standards Available Free

The Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE) website is http://www.ite.org/.  The TMDD Standard is available at https://www.ite.org/technical-resources/standards/tmdd/.  Note that earlier versions are also shown on this web site, and the potential users are directed to use the latest version currently known as 3.03b.

Published NTCIP standards and some of those jointly approved by AASHTO/ITE/NEMA and awaiting formal publishing are available for free download for 12 months through a FHWA-sponsored special offer. For more information on the NTCIP 2304 AP-DATEX-ASN Standard and the NTCIP 2306 Application Profile for XML in ITS  Center-to-Center Communications (AP-C2CXML) Standard, visit http://www.ntcip.org/order/specialoffer.asp or http://www.ntcip.org/library/documents/.

The following resources are recommended for learning more about ITS Standards:

  • ITS Standards Website http://www.standards.its.dot.gov/.
  • The ITS Field Support Team is a technical assistance program sponsored by the ITS Standards Program. Visit: http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/int_its_deployment/standards_imp/stdsteam.htm for more details. The ITS Field Support Team offers intensive consultation and support on a broad range of standards-related issues, including:
    • Assessment of current system
    • Development of project specifications
    • Review of existing contracts and specifications
    • Identification of appropriate contracting and procurement mechanisms
    • Development of test plans
    • Evaluation of systems for contract compliance and conformance to specifications

C2C TMDD Communication Standards

The following Table lists C2C TMDD communication standards. For further information on C2C TMDD standards, their most recent status, how to obtain a copy of the standards, and the standards development process, see http://www.standards.its.dot.gov/.

Table 1: C2C TMDD Communication Standards
Standard Doc # Document Title Description Type Status as of November 2013

TMDD
v3.03b

Traffic Management Data Dictionary Standard For Traffic Management Center-To-Center Communications

The Traffic Management Data Dictionary Standard For Traffic Management Center-to-Center Communication, commonly known as the TMDD v3.03b, defines the specific message/data content for center-to-center communications.

Communications: Information Level

In Ballot

NTCIP 1104

Base Standard: Center-to-Center Naming Convention Specifications

Defines the naming service for use in center-to-center communications in the transportation domain and lists the requirements for establishing names for management systems and for the objects managed by those systems. Standards may reference this document in order to define how certain items should be named.

Communications: Information Level

Approved

NTCIP 2104

Ethernet Subnetwork Profile

Defines how data is transmitted over ethernet links.

Communications: Subnetwork Level

 Approved

NTCIP 2202

Internet (TCP/IP and UDP/IP) Transport Profile

Defines how to exchange data over a network using the Internet suite of protocols.

Communications: Transport Level

Approved

NTCIP 2304

Application Profile for DATEX-ASN (AP-DATEX)

Defines how to use the DATEX-ASN protocol within US-based transportation networks.

Communications:
Application Level

Approved

NTCIP 2306

Application Profile for XML Message
Encoding and Transport in ITS
Center-to-Center Communications

Specifies communications interfaces (message form, message use, and transport) encoded in the Extensible Markup Language (XML) between a center and an external center. Message content is defined in other standards, such as the AASHTO/ITE TMDD and MSTMCC, the APTA TCIP, the SAE Message Sets for ATIS, or the IEEE 1512 IM.

Communications:
Application Level

Approved


 

Abbreviations and Acronyms

AASHTO

American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials

 

NRTM

Needs to Requirements Traceability Matrix

ADUS

Archive Data User Services

 

NTCIP

National Transportation Communications for ITS Protocol

AP-C2CXML

Application Profile for XML in ITS  Center to Center Communications

 

 OER

Octet Encoding Rules

CARS

Condition Acquisition and Reporting System

 

OSI

Open System Interconnection

C2C

Center To Center

 

PCB

Professional Capacity Building

DATEX/ ASN

Data Exchange- Abstract Syntax Notation

 

RFP

Request For Proposal

FAQs

Frequently Asked Questions

 

RPU

Remote Processing Unit

FHWA

Federal Highway Administration

 

RTM

Requirements Traceability Matrix

FMCSA

Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration

 

RTSMIP

Real-Time System Management Information Program

FTA

Federal Transit Administration

 

RWIS

Road Weather Information System

ICM

Integrated Corridor Management

 

SOAP

Single Object Access Protocol

ISO

International Organization for Standardization

 

SDO

Standards Developing Organization

ITE

Institute of Transportation Engineers

 

SMI

Structure of Management Information

ITS

Intelligent Transportation Systems

 

STMF

Simple Transportation Management Framework

JPO

Joint Program Office

 

STMP

Simple Transportation Management Protocol

LAN

Local Area Network

 

TCP/IP

Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol

MDSS

Maintenance Decision Support System

 

TMDD

Traffic Management Data Dictionary

MIB

Management Information Base

 

USDOT

United States Department of Transportation

MS/ETMCC

Message Set for External TMC Communications

 

UDP/IP

User Datagram Protocol/Internet Protocol

NEMA

National Electrical Manufacturers Association

 

WSDL/XML

Web Service Description Language/ Extensible Markup Language


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