ITS Standards Fact Sheets
NTCIP 1206 - Object Definitions for Data Collection and Monitoring (DCM) Devices
This Fact Sheet was written on Sep 25, 2009. The status of the standard at the time was: Approved.
This Fact Sheet was written on September 25, 2009.
The status of the standard at the time was:
Published in November 2005.
This Fact Sheet was last verified on September 28, 2009
Check the ITS Standards Search to see if there has been subsequent development activity.
The National Transportation Communications for Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) Protocol (NTCIP) is a family of standards that provides both the rules for communicating (called protocols) and the vocabulary (called objects) necessary to allow electronic traffic control equipment from different manufacturers to operate with each other as a system. The NTCIP is the first set of standards for the transportation industry that allows transportation systems to be built using a "mix and match" approach with equipment from different manufacturers. Therefore, NTCIP standards reduce the need for reliance on specific equipment vendors and customized one-of-a-kind software. To assure both manufacturer and user community support, NTCIP is a joint product of the National Electronics Manufacturers Association (NEMA), the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO), and the Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE). More information concerning the NTCIP family of standards and their related documents is available in the NTCIP 9001 - NTCIP Guide, available on-line at (www.ntcip.org).
Human communications relies on a vocabulary of words, each defined with a fixed meaning and spelling that are understood by the members of the conversation group. Computers have a similar vocabulary, called "objects" in the NTCIP standards. These objects define all possible commands, responses and information that may be exchanged among microprocessor-controlled electronic equipment, traffic management systems (which could include central computers housed in a center or portable computers, e.g. laptops), and by extension, their human operators. The NTCIP groups these objects by subject material (e.g., data collection and monitoring) and calls these groupings "object definitions." The objects defined in this standard allow an operator to command data collection and monitoring devices to do something and verify that the devices accomplished the command.
What are these standards for?
This standard, NTCIP 1206 - Object Definitions for Data Collection and Monitoring (DCM) Devices, provides the vocabulary - commands, responses and information - necessary for traffic management and operations personnel to control, manage, and monitor data collection and monitoring devices such as loop detectors, radar detectors and other sensors. This standard contains object definitions to support the functionality of these devices as used for transportation and traffic monitoring applications. The standard includes conformance group requirements and conformance statements to support compliance with the standard, as well as configuration and operations examples demonstrating different communications profiles.
Who uses them?
This standard, NTCIP 1206 - Object Definitions for Data Collection and Monitoring (DCM) Devices, should be used by transportation and traffic engineers involved with the design, specification, selection, procurement and installation, operation, and maintenance of of traffic data collection and monitoring systems. ITS product hardware and software designers and application (computer program) developers should find this standard especially relevant to their efforts. Developers and database designers implementing and managing archived data management systems may also find this standard applicable to their efforts.
How are they used?
This standard, NTCIP 1206 - Object Definitions for Data Collection and Monitoring (DCM) Devices, defines a vocabulary of "objects" used to assure that the transportation management center computer-based devices, and data collection and monitoring devices "speak" a common language. A message must be understood by the device it was intended for, and equally important, it must not be misunderstood or misinterpreted by another device on the same network. Object definitions unambiguously define the content, terminology, units and format of commands, responses and information affecting communications with data collection and monitoring devices.
This standard must be used with one of the NTCIP communications profiles (see related NTCIP documents below) which provide the communications channel for information transfer between devices. It must be used with the NTCIP Global Object Definitions (NTCIP 1201), which provides the glossary of common object definitions used by multiple NTCIP devices.
Communications between a transportation management center’s central computer and data collection and monitoring devices are accomplished by using the objects defined in NTCIP 1206 - Object Definitions for Data Collection and Monitoring (DCM) Devices. These objects define the information, commands and responses that must be understood by the devices at both ends of the communications channel.
The following ITS standards are related and should be considered when using this standard:
- IEEE 1489-1999 - Standard for Data Dictionaries for Intelligent Transportation Systems - Part 1 Functional Area Data Dictionaries
- IEEE Std 1488-2000, Standard for Message Set Template for Intelligent Transportation Systems
- NTCIP 1102 - Octet Encoding Rules (OER) Base Protocol
- NTCIP 1103 - Transportation Management Protocols (TMP)
- NTCIP 1201 - Global Object Definitions
- NTCIP 2301 - Simple Transportation Management Framework (STMF) Application Profile
- NTCIP 8004 - Structure and Identification of Management Information
- NTCIP 9001 - The NTCIP Guide
- NTCIP 2303 - File Transfer Protocol (FTP) Application Profile
- NTCIP 8003 - Profile Framework
- NTCIP 2302 - Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) Application Profile
- NTCIP 2101 - Point to Multi-Point Protocol Using RS-232 Subnetwork Profile
- NTCIP 2102 - Point to Multi-Point Protocol Using FSK Modem Subnetwork Profile
- NTCIP 2201 - Transportation Transport Profile
- NTCIP 2202 - Internet (TCP/IP and UDP/IP) Transport Profile
The following set of standards and documents, while not part of the ITS standards, should also be considered when using this standard:
- ISO/IEC 8824-1 -- Information technology - Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1): Specification of basic notation
- ISO/IEC 8824-2 -- Information Technology - Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1): Information Object Specification
- IAB STD 3 - RFC 1122, Requirements For Internet Hosts - Communication Layers; RFC 1123: Requirements for Internet Hosts - Application and Support
- IAB STD 9 - RFC 959:1985, IAB File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
- IAB STD 15 - RFC 1157, A Simple Network Management Protocol
- IAB STD 16 - RFC 1155, Structure and Identification of Management Information for TCP/IP-based Internets
- IAB STD 16 - RFC 1212, Concise MIB Definitions
- ISO/IEC 8824-3 -- Information Technology - Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1): Constraint specification
- ISO/IEC 8824-4 -- Information Technology - Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1): Parameterization of ASN.1 specifications
- ASTM E1318, Standard Specification for Highway Weigh-In-Motion (WIM) Systems with User Requirements and Test Method
- NTCIP 7001 - Assigned Numbers, Part 1
- IAB RFC 1215, A Convention for Defining Traps for Use with SNMP
- HPMS Field Manual Highway Performance Monitoring System
- FHWA Traffic Monitoring Guide
How to obtain Standards
- http://www.ntcip.org/library/documents/ Phone:
Jointly approved and published NTCIP standards are available for free download for 12 months through FHWA-sponsored special offer. More information is available at: http://www.ntcip.org/order/specialoffer.asp
- https://global.ihs.com/ Phone:
- http://ecommerce.ite.org/IMIS/iCommerce/Bookstore/Search_BookStore/iCommerce/Orders/SearchBookStore.aspx Phone:
202-289-0222 ext. 130