Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology
ITS Joint Program Office

Application Areas

Data Archival


This center-to-center application area covers the interface between a transportation data archive and the sources of the archived data. It also covers the interface between the data archive and users of the archived data. An ITS data archive collects and maintains data to be used for planning, analysis, operations, and research. The data placed into the archive can come from a variety of transportation systems including traffic management centers, transit management centers, emissions management systems, emergency management centers, commercial vehicle administration systems, transportation asset systems, maintenance and construction management systems, traveler information providers, providers of other modes of transportation (e.g. rail, ferry, or air), parking systems, toll systems, and intermodal freight carriers or terminals. The data archive may also include data that is not collected by transportation systems (e.g., weather information). The users of the archive data include various user systems as well as other data archives.
This graphic shows the scope of the Center to Center Data Archival application area.  This scope is described in the preceding text.
National ITS Architecture Interface
This application area centers around the Archived Data Management Subsystem (ADMS), which gathers information about surface transportation for later analysis. There are many subsystems and terminators in the National ITS Architecture that provide data to the ADMS. Each of these interfaces operate in a similar fashion. The ADMS can request a catalog of the transportation data and/or the data itself from each data source. Each data source provides metadata (data about the data; e.g. source and time when the data was collected) as well as the data itself to enable validation and off line analysis of the data. The ADMS in turn provides status (indicating whether the received data was valid and received without error) to the data source. The data source interfaces to the ADMS include: <ul> <li>The Traffic Management Subsystem provides current, predicted, and historical traffic data, as well as video images and operational data to the ADMS.</li> <li>The Transit Management Subsystem provides transit passenger data, transit deployment data, transit user payment data, transit emergency, security, maintenance and personnel data. <li>The Emissions Management Subsystem provides information on air quality and vehicle emissions data.</li> <li>The Emergency Management Subsystem provides information on incidents, evacuations, alerts and advisories, resource information, and threat data.</li> <li>The Maintenance and Construction Management Subsystem provides information describing road construction and maintenance activities.</li> <li>The Information Service Provider sends data associated with traveler information services including service requests and confirmations (e.g., trip requests, route requests, yellow pages services requests, ridesharing requests, parking requests), vehicle probe data, route guidance data, and other route usage data (e.g., cycling, walking).</li> </ul> Consult the National ITS Architecture for a complete list of centers that provide information to the ADMS. Data can also be shared with other data archives. The archived data in the ADMS may be accessed by users (Archived Data User Systems). Users can request and received archived data products (i.e. data, meta data, or data catalogs) or request on-line processing and analyses of the archived data.

Applicable Standards
In general, the following standards are applicable to Data Archival deployments. To determine which specific standards are applicable for a deployment you will need to determine which architecture flows will be needed for the Data Archival piece of your deployment. Contact your local FHWA ITS Division Specialist or an ITS Standards Program Field Support Team contact

Standard Development Status
ASTM E2259 - 03a(2011) Standard Guide for Archiving and Retrieving ITS-Generated Data; Published
ASTM E2468-05(2012) Standard Practice for Metadata to Support Archived Data Management Systems; Published
ASTM E2665-08 Standard Specifications for Archiving ITS-Generated Traffic Monitoring Data; Published
IEEE 1512 -2006 Standard for Common Incident Management Message Sets for use by Emergency Management Centers ; Published
IEEE 1512.1-2006 Standard for Traffic Incident Management Message Sets for Use by Emergency Management Centers; Published
IEEE 1512.3-2006 Standard for Hazardous Material Incident Management Message Sets for Use by Emergency Management Centers; Published
ITE TMDD 3.3 ITE TMDD Traffic Management Data Dictionary (TMDD) Standard for Center to Center Communications; Published
NTCIP 1102 Octet Encoding Rules (OER) Base Protocol; Published
NTCIP 1104 Center-to-Center Naming Convention Specification; Published
NTCIP 2104 Ethernet Subnetwork Profile; Published
NTCIP 2202 Internet (TCP/IP and UDP/IP) Transport Profile; Published
NTCIP 2303 File Transfer Protocol (FTP) Application Profile; Published
NTCIP 2304 Application Profile for DATEX-ASN (AP-DATEX); Published
NTCIP 2306 Application Profile for XML Message Encoding and Transport in ITS Center-to-Center Communications (C2C XML); Published
NTCIP 8003 Profile Framework; Published
NTCIP 9001 NTCIP Guide; Published
SAE J2266 Location Referencing Message Specification (LRMS); Published
SAE J2354 Message Set for Advanced Traveler Information System (ATIS); Published
SAE J2540 Messages for Handling Strings and Look-Up Tables in ATIS Standards; Published
SAE J2540/1 RDS (Radio Data System) Phrase Lists; Published
SAE J2540/2 ITIS (International Traveler Information Systems) Phrase Lists; Published
SAE J2540/3 National Names Phrase List; Published

Deployment Resources
Deployment resources can be found in the deployment resources section.
  • NTCIP Case study reports (1999-2004)
  • ADUS (Archived Data User Service) Standards Advisory
  • IM (Incident Management) Standards Advisory
  • NTCIP 9010 — XML in ITS Center-to-Center Communications